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Analysis of air pollution over Hanoi, Vietnam using multi-satellite and MERRA reanalysis datasets

Lasko, Kristofer and Vadrevu, Krishna Prasad and Nguyen, Thi Nhat Thanh (2018) Analysis of air pollution over Hanoi, Vietnam using multi-satellite and MERRA reanalysis datasets. PLOS ONE, 13 (5). ISSN 1932-6203

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Air pollution is one of the major environmental concerns in Vietnam. In this study, we assess the current status of air pollution over Hanoi, Vietnam using multiple different satellite datasets and weather information, and assess the potential to capture rice residue burning emissions with satellite data in a cloud-covered region. We used a timeseries of Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Ultraviolet Aerosol Index (UVAI) satellite data to characterize absorbing aerosols related to biomass burning. We also tested a timeseries of 3-hourly MERRA-2 reanalysis Black Carbon (BC) concentration data for 5 years from 2012–2016 and explored pollution trends over time. We then used MODIS active fires, and synoptic wind patterns to attribute variability in Hanoi pollution to different sources. Because Hanoi is within the Red River Delta where rice residue burning is prominent, we explored trends to see if the residue burning signal is evident in the UVAI or BC data. Further, as the region experiences monsoon-influenced rainfall patterns, we adjusted the BC data based on daily rainfall amounts. Results indicated forest biomass burning from Northwest Vietnam and Laos impacts Hanoi air quality during the peak UVAI months of March and April. Whereas, during local rice residue burning months of June and October, no increase in UVAI is observed, with slight BC increase in October only. During the peak BC months of December and January, wind patterns indicated pollutant transport from southern China megacity areas. Results also indicated severe pollution episodes during December 2013 and January 2014. We observed significantly higher BC concentrations during nighttime than daytime with peaks generally between 2130 and 0030 local time. Our results highlight the need for better air pollution monitoring systems to capture episodic pollution events and their surface-level impacts, such as rice residue burning in cloud-prone regions in general and Hanoi, Vietnam in particular.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Information Technology (IT)
ISI-indexed journals
Divisions: Center of Multidisciplinary Integrated Technologies for Field Monitoring (FIMO)
Faculty of Information Technology (FIT)
Depositing User: Dr Thi Nhat Thanh Nguyen
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2018 04:29
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2018 04:29

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