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Spatiotemporal analysis of ground and satellite-based aerosol for air quality assessment in the Southeast Asia region

Nguyen, Thi Nhat Thanh and Pham, Ha V. and Lasko, Kristofer and Bui, Mai T. and Laffly, Dominique and Jourdan, Astrid and Bui, Quang Hung (2019) Spatiotemporal analysis of ground and satellite-based aerosol for air quality assessment in the Southeast Asia region. Environmental Pollution, 255 . p. 113106. ISSN 0269-7491

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Satellite observations for regional air quality assessment rely on comprehensive spatial coverage, and daily monitoring with reliable, cloud-free data quality. We investigated spatiotemporal variation and data quality of two global satellite Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) products derived from MODIS and VIIRS imagery. AOD is considered an essential atmospheric parameter strongly related to ground Particulate Matter (PM) in Southeast Asia (SEA). We analyze seasonal variation, urban/rural area influence, and biomass burning effects on atmospheric pollution. Validation indicated a strong relationship between AERONET ground AOD and both MODIS AOD (R2 = 0.81) and VIIRS AOD (R2 = 0.68). The monthly variation of satellite AOD and AERONET AOD reflects two seasonal trends of air quality separately for mainland countries including Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Taiwan, Hong Kong, and for maritime countries consisting of Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, and Timor Leste. The mainland SEA has a pattern of monthly AOD variation in which AODs peak in March/April, decreasing during wet season from May–September, and increasing to the second peak in October. However, in maritime SEA, AOD concentration peaks in October. The three countries with the highest annual satellite AODs are Singapore, Hong Kong, and Vietnam. High urban population proportions in Singapore (40.7%) and Hong Kong (21.6%) were associated with high AOD concentrations as expected. AOD values in SEA urban areas were a factor of 1.4 higher than in rural areas, with respective averages of 0.477 and 0.336. The AOD values varied proportionately to the frequency of biomass burning in which both active fires and AOD peak in March/April and September/October. Peak AOD in September/October in some countries could be related to pollutant transport of Indonesia forest fires. This study analyzed satellite aerosol product quality in relation to AERONET in SEA countries and highlighted framework of air quality assessment over a large, complicated region.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Information Technology (IT)
ISI-indexed journals
Divisions: Center of Multidisciplinary Integrated Technologies for Field Monitoring (FIMO)
Faculty of Information Technology (FIT)
Depositing User: Phạm VÄ�n HÃ
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2019 15:56
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 01:10

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