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Electronic structure and multiferroic properties of (Y, Mn)-doped barium hexaferrite compounds

Pham, Duc Thang and Nguyen, Dang Co and Nguyen, Thi Minh Hong and Ho, Thi Anh (2021) Electronic structure and multiferroic properties of (Y, Mn)-doped barium hexaferrite compounds. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 867 (158794). ISSN 0925-8388

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We have systematically studied the crystal and electronic structures and the magnetic and electrical polarization properties of polycrystalline Ba0.95Y0.05Fe12−xMnxO19 (denoted as BaYFe12−xMnxO19) compounds with x = 0–2. The analyzes of X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman scattering spectra indicated their single phase in the M-type hexaferrite structure. With increasing x, the lattice constant a slightly increased while c decreased, which related to the Jahn-Teller effect. Though an increase of x reduced gradually magnetization in a range of 23–32 emu/g, the coercive force increased from 3.3 kOe for x = 0 to about 4 kOe for x = 0.5–2. The study of the electrical polarization properties proved the dependence of the shape of electric hysteresis loops on x and applied electric field. The samples with x = 0 and 0.5 exhibit a weak ferroelectricity with the maximum polarization of ~0.11 μC/cm2 for x = 0, and of ~0.06 μC/cm2 for x = 0.5. Meanwhile, the other samples showed nearly circular hysteresis loops, which are characteristic of conductive materials. Detailed investigations indicated an increase in leakage current when x increased. All of such phenomena are tightly related to the chemical shift of Mn2+ → Mn3+ and the replacement of Mn2+,3+ for Fe3+ in BaYFe12−xMnxO19. These oxidation states and the chemical shift of Mn have been confirmed upon analyzing X-ray absorption spectra

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Physics
ISI-indexed journals
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Physics and Nanotechnology (FEPN)
Depositing User: PhD. Co Dang Nguyen
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2021 07:06
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2021 07:06

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